Setting up an Ubuntu VM in VirtualBox
There is a lot of information on this page. Please read it
There are a number of options that you can change when creating
your VM and installing Ubuntu, e.g. disk size. Feel free to play around with
these, but if things break it might be harder for me to help you figure out
what went wrong.
If you are getting errors like "FATAL: No bootable medium
found!" when starting the VM, then you failed to properly mount the Ubuntu ISO.
In other words, the virtual machine is looking for an OS to boot from, but the
virtual hard disk is blank and the virtual CDROM is empty. To solve this, you
need to mount the Ubuntu ISO you downloaded such that it shows up in the VM as
a disc in the virtual CDROM drive. To do this stop the VM, select "Settings" >
"Storage" tab > Click the disk with the plus sign > "Add CD/DVD" device. >
Choose your Ubuntu ISO file.
For this assignment you will need to download Ubuntu Desktop 14.04(or any other
version you might like) from here
. Make sure you get the
32 bit version. The download should be a 1GB ISO file(for Ubuntu 14.04). In all, you will
need at least ~6.5GB disk space for running Ubuntu VM on VirtualBox (You can allocate more if you have space in your own machine).
To run your VM, you will need to use Virtualbox.
Click the big icon says "Download VirtualBox 5.0" and find the correct VirtualBox
packge for your operation system. For example, if your computer is running
Windows, click x86/amd64 link after "VirtualBox 5.0.4 for Windows hosts" to start
downloading the Virtualbox. Later, install the Virtualbox based on the instructions.
Creating the Virtual Machine
Now you can create the new VM by clicking the "New" button on the user
interface. The prompt will ask for your the VM's name. You can use whatever
name you would like, but a good choice would be "Ubuntu 197u". Make sure the
selected VM type and version is Linux and Ubuntu respectively.
After clicking next, choose the amount of RAM you want to give the VM. The
default, 512 MB, is fine for our purposes so just click next again. Use the
default values for the next few screens until you get to the "File location and
size" prompt. If your machine is space limited,
reduce the file size to 5 GB.
VirtualBox will now create a new blank VM for you to work with. The VirtualBox
window should be updated to list the virtual machine you created. Press the
"Start" button to boot up the VM.
VirtualBox will ask you to select your start-up disk. You should click the
folder button to the right of the drop down. At which point you need to
navigate to the location where you saved the Ubuntu ISO file (the one you
downloaded earlier) and select it. After you click "start" you should see
Ubuntu begin to boot up. VirtualBox may popup a number of info boxes, but you
can probably just ignore them.
VirtualBox may warn you about keyboard capture. Fortunately, Ubuntu plays nice
with VirtualBox, so you probably do not have to worry too much, but the prompt
basically says that when you are using your VM it traps your mouse and keyboard
inside of the VM. If you want to access windows outside of the VM then you may
need to press the host key. By default, it should be Right Ctrl in Windows.
After Ubuntu boots up, you should click the "Install Ubuntu" button. On the
next screen, make sure to check the boxes for "Download updates while
installing" and "Install this third-party software". Just continue to follow
the prompts to install Ubuntu. All of the default options should be fine.
While Ubuntu is installing, you can read about some of the cool features it
offers. I suggest you check some (or all) of those features out!
Ubuntu could take anywhere from 30 minutes to 1 hour to install depending on